Abnormal growth of skin cells mostly developed on the skin that is exposed to the sun dwells into skin cancer. Cancer occurs when normal cells undergo a transformation and multiply without normal controls. Major types of skin cancer — basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
Basal cell carcinoma signs and symptoms
You can get to see Basal cell carcinoma usually in sun-exposed areas of your body, such as your neck or face.
- A pearly or waxy bump
- A flesh-colored or brown scar-like lesion
- A bleeding sore that heals and returns
Squamous cell carcinoma signs and symptoms
Squamous cell carcinoma occurs on sun-exposed areas of your body like the face, ears and hands. Most people who have a dark skin are likely to develop squamous cell carcinoma on areas that aren’t often exposed to the sun.
- A firm, red nodule
- A flat lesion with a crusted surface
Melanoma signs and symptoms
Melanoma the most dangerous of skin cancer can be developed anywhere on your body, and sometimes on a normal skin or in an existing mole that becomes cancerous. Melanoma can occur on skin that hasn’t been exposed to the sun. There is no significance of any skin tone. In some people it occurs on the palms or soles, or under the fingernails or toenails.
- Brownish spot with darker speckles
- A mole that changes in colour, size or that bleeds
- A small lesion with an irregular border and portions
- A lesion that itches or burns
- Dark lesions on your palms, soles, fingertips or toes
- Mucous membranes lining your mouth, nose, vagina or anus
Some less common skin cancers
This cancer develops in the skin’s blood vessels and causes red or purple patches on the skin. People with weakened immune systems, such as people who’ve undergone organ transplants are prone to this skin cancer.
Merkel cell carcinoma
The symptoms of Merkel cell carcinoma are that it has firm shiny nodules that occur on or just beneath the skin and in hair follicles. They are often found on the head, neck and trunk.
Sebaceous gland carcinoma
Sebaceous gland carcinoma is an aggressive cancer that originates in the oil glands in the skin. Appearing to be hard and painless nodules they can appear anywhere but mostly occur on the eyelid. Visit the website that focuses on these rare skin cancer with immense information to deal with these conditions.
Treatment for Skin cancer
Treatment for skin cancer varies and depends on the type, duration and symptoms of cancer. For a basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma usually a surgical removal of the lesion is adequate. But in cases of malignant melanoma, may require several treatment methods, including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
There is no appropriate home treatment for skin cancer. But one can prevent and detect skin cancer by oneself and get a remedy to incur more losses. By proper self-examinations of the skin at a regular interval and avoiding unnecessary exposure to direct sunlight are some important tips to safeguard from chronic skin cancer.
After a skin cancer patient undergoes surgery, they may be treated by external radiation therapy. The radiation therapy kills the abnormal cells and destroys the lesion. It may cause some irritation or burning sensation at the surrounding skin. To lessen these temporary side effects a topical cream is applied on such parts for the treatment of certain low-risk nonmelanoma skin cancers.
In most of the clinics as an advanced treatment many immune therapies, vaccines, or chemotherapy have been introduced. They are used as clinical trials to test new therapies to see if they can be adopted and work better than existing therapies.